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Native Plant Society of Texas

Common Blue Violet

Viola sororia var. missouriensis

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Missouri Violet

Plant Ecoregion Distribution Map

Native Habitat: Woodland, Wetland or Riparian
Cross Timbers, East Central Texas Plains, Gulf Coast Prairies and Marshes, Texas Blackland Prairies, Western Gulf Coastal Plain

Maintenance

Easy to grow. Reseeds profusely. Thin plants if they become overgrown. It prefers well-drained woodland shade garden.

Comments

It can colonize via rhizomes to send up numerous glowing purple blossoms in early spring. Violets are a sign that spring has arrived, and this is often one of the most common violets found within its range. Will go dormant during drought. Larval Host: Variegated Fritillary

Growth Form

Groundcover

Height

0.5 to
0.75 ft

Spread

0.25 to
0.5 ft

Soil Type(s)

Rich, Moist

Light Requirement

Part Shade, Shade

Water Requirement

Medium

Leaf Retention

Semi Evergreen

Lifespan

Annual

Bloom Color

White, Pink, Blue, Purple

Bloom Season

Spring

Seasonal Interest

Seeds, Larval Host, Flowers

Wildlife Benefit

Butterflies, Birds

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Previous Scientific Name(s): Viola missouriensis

References

1) Griffith, Bryce, Omernick & Rodgers (2007). Ecoregions of Texas. 2) Miller, George O., Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas 2nd Ed., 2013, pg 53. 3) Wasowski and Wasowski, Native Texas Plants Landscaping Region by Region, 1991, pg. 111. 4) https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=VIMI3. 5) https://portal.torcherbaria.org/portal/taxa/index.php?taxon=Viola+sororia+var.+missouriensis&formsubmit=Search+Terms. 6) http://bonap.net/TDC/Image/Map?taxonType=Species&taxonId=24014&locationType=County&mapType=Normal, 7) https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=541753#null, 8) Native and Adapted Landscape Plants, City of Austin and Texas A&M, 2014.