Winter: propagate by seed by allowing seed heads to dry on plants. Thrives on disturbed soil, dependable fall bloomer, good nectar source for late season butterflies.
A well-branched grayish-green plant, leaves alternate or opposite, toothed, nearly triangular. Yellow flower heads are up to 2 inches (5 cm) across and have 3-toothed rays. Found in disturbed areas throughout Texas, especially the drier parts, Larval Host: Bordered Patch Butterfly.