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Native Plant Society of Texas

Mexican Ash

Fraxinus berlandieriana

Berlandier Ash, Berlandier's Ash, Plumero

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Plant Ecoregion Distribution Map (hover for ecoregion names)

Native Habitat: Woodland, Wetland or Riparian
East Central Texas Plains, Southern Texas Plains, Texas Blackland Prairies

Maintenance

Prune for shape or to raise canopy

Comments

Leafs out early in the Spring and holds its leaves until late fall. It is a fast growing shade tree. For the Edwards Plateau, substitute with Texas Ash (Fraxinus albicans). Larval Host: Two-tailed tiger swallowtail, Tiger swallow-tail, Orange sulphur, Sleepy orange, Cloudless giant sulphur.

Growth Form

Tree

Height

30 to
45 ft

Spread

20 to
30 ft

Soil Type(s)

Sand, Loam, Clay, Rocky

Light Requirement

Sun, Part Shade

Water Requirement

Medium

Leaf Retention

Deciduous

Lifespan

Perennial

Bloom Color

Purple

Bloom Season

Spring

Seasonal Interest

Seeds, Larval Host, Flowers

Wildlife Benefit

Butterflies, Birds

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References

1) Griffith, Bryce, Omernick & Rodgers (2007). Ecoregions of Texas. 2) Miller, George O., Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas 2nd Ed., 2013, pg 48.. 3) https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=FRBE. 4) http://bonap.net/TDC/Image/Map?taxonType=Species&taxonId=15511&locationType=County&mapType=Normal. 5) https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=502662#null